admin 发表于 2017-5-10 06:03

土鸡养殖技术

七粉|秋:小七您好,刚刚看到有这么一个学技术平台,我想养殖土鸡,无技术,资本小,正在创业中,请问有关于这方面的技术提供么?感谢 ▋农技诊疗室 :首先我们考虑鸡舍建造的问题,在进行场地设计施工以前,我们应充分调查当地的气候资料,在当地一般都有降雨量、常年气温、主要风向以及地表径流等资料可供查询。我们取得了一手的资料以后,就要在选择的环境内构建养鸡场该有的设施,鸡舍要在地势比较高、背风向阳、土地较为平坦、也容易防兽害和防传染病的地方建造,鸡舍房屋尽量坐北朝南,高2米左右,注意通风,是否通风效果好,不能以人的感觉而定,一定是以鸡的角度来感受,在墙壁的离地面50厘米处设置通风口。鸡舍大小以鸡的数量而定,一般每平方米养鸡10—15只。如果有林地、荒坡山地的地方,可以搭建临时鸡棚和产蛋窝,以供鸡产蛋、防风避雨和白天的盛料盛水。而育雏舍、值班室以及仓库应该建在鸡舍旁,方便于管理。其次我们重点介绍鸡的几个阶段的饲喂问题,能否达到养殖者的预期目标,饲喂是非常重要的。我们把1—40日龄的小鸡称之为雏鸡阶段,生长发育迅速,新陈代谢也旺盛,但是雏鸡的体温调节机能不健全,消化能力也差,难以适应外界温度变化,对疫病抵抗力弱。因此,在饲养上应做到以下几点:雏鸡 开食喂料雏鸡进入育雏舍后就可以饲喂碎米加熟蛋黄(每100只雏鸡喂3个蛋黄),每隔2小时喂1次。从第2天就可以开始改喂配合饲料。参考配方:data:image/png;base64,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以上配方基本满足这个阶段雏鸡的营养要求。饲喂管理上每天喂6次,放于条状料槽内饲喂,喂量不限,任其吃饱。注意及时饮水,雏鸡入舍后应及时饮水。开始可喂些0.1%的高锰酸钾温开水或5%的葡萄糖水,以增强体质,缓解应激,便于胎粪排出。以后每天供足饮水。温度、湿度与光照调节:data:image/png;base64,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如舍温达不到上述要求,就应人工增温,在增温过程中防止一氧化碳中毒。舍内相对湿度60%~65%。从1日龄开始,每天坚持20小 时~23小时光照,15天后减至13小时~15小时,30天后采用自然光照。光照灯距地面2米,每平方米1.5瓦~2瓦。青年鸡饲养 41日龄~120日龄的青年鸡应雌雄分养,以便管理。青年鸡 小公鸡的饲养:小公鸡100日龄~120日龄体重达1.25公斤~1.5公斤即可上市。为使其按时达到出栏体重,除放养外,要供给全价饲料,任其采食。参考 配方:data:image/png;base64,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土鸡从70日龄到上市要求生长快、长肉多,要做到吃饱、吃好、少动、多睡,促使其催肥长膘。小母鸡的饲养:商品鸡则按小公鸡的方法饲养。产蛋鸡则采用限制饲养,适当降低蛋白质及能量的比例。参考配方:data:image/png;base64,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每天喂料2次~3次,早上少喂,让其在林地、荒坡 山地多活动,多食天然饲草、饲料及虫子,中午少喂甚至不喂,晚上入舍前喂饱。产蛋鸡饲养增加饲料营养,科学配料,提高饲料中的蛋白质水平,是提高土鸡产蛋量的一条重要措施。参考配方:data:image/png;base64,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达到一半左右的时候,就要开始进行补料,每天每只鸡夏天补料50克—75克,到了冬天补喂料要有所增加,适宜75克—100克。而产蛋率在80%以上时,就让鸡不限量采食,每天早上不宜喂饱,把鸡放在林地、荒坡山地自由活动,采食天然饲草、饲料及虫子,中午在建造的棚下备足料和水,让鸡自由采食,太阳下山时把鸡群赶回鸡舍并喂饱,逐渐形成规律以后,鸡群管理就简单多了。创造适宜环境实践证明,土鸡在15℃~25℃时不会影响产蛋性能,以20℃产蛋率最高,低于10℃产蛋率会造成鸡产蛋水平的严重下降。因此,夏季要防暑降温,搞好清洁卫生,为鸡群提供充足的清洁饮水。冬季要保温防寒,鸡的饮水要适当提高温度,忌饮冰冷水。再有是光照的问题,这是一个从事土鸡散养的一个误区,常以为加大运动量,会提高母鸡产蛋率,实际上光照是提高土鸡产蛋量的决定因素,土鸡归棚后,仍然要注意光照问题,最好每天要达14小时~16小时,亮度为每平方米面积6—8瓦。光的颜色以红光为好,其次是白光。由于养土鸡是封闭散养方式,所以减少应激是必要的,饲养环境要保持安静,饲养员工作时手脚要轻,工作服颜色采用白色或蓝灰色,颜色以淡雅为主,切忌不要使用红色,平日里不要随便更换工作服颜色,外来人员不要随便进入,要防止鸟兽等骚扰,禁止在养殖区域周边鸣放鞭炮,以免鸡群受惊。此外,每4到5只鸡要备足1个产蛋箱,产蛋箱要建在鸡群活动的区域,以免产蛋时出现抢窝,扰乱鸡群产蛋规律,使蛋量下降。防疫 土鸡在林地、荒山坡地饲养,远离环境污染,一般疾病少、耐粗饲,利于防病。由于饲养周期较长,长期放养于野外,接触病原体的机会增加,所以散养鸡的防疫不容忽视。除加强日常管理,如严格消毒、隔离饲养预防疾病外,做好免疫是很重要的。因此要采用综合措施免疫预防。鸡达到7--14日龄、25--28日龄时,用克隆30疫苗滴鼻点眼,同时按每500只鸡加青霉素、链霉素各100万单位,也可用海达、海天、普杀平、兰星等混合使用。鸡55--60日龄时用鸡新城疫I系与克隆I系疫苗按1:1.5混合肌注。鸡125日龄时用新支减三联苗、流感二联油苗肌注,每只 0.5毫升。鸡306日龄时重复用克隆I系肌肉注射。在土鸡440日龄(出栏前)用弱毒苗(Ⅱ系或Ⅳ系疫苗)饮水。涉及到具体预防措施,要养殖户咨询当地农技人员,切不可自作主张,在防疫上,重点是未雨绸缪,防大于治。效益分析:土鸡生长期内,除育雏阶段外,大部分时间为自然放养,而饲喂上仅补充一部分精料,尤其是经济林饲养,有些果类等杂食会补充鸡的进食,所以会大大降低了饲养成本。目前,市场上良种肉鸡的价格为每公斤6元,而土鸡价格约在每 公斤14元—20元之间,饲养一只1.5公斤重的土鸡,扣除饲养成本,可净赚14元——20元左右。另外,每到年节假日,土鸡蛋也是俏货,如果每只鸡年产蛋120枚,每枚价格为 0.5元(包装并打出品牌后价格更高),至少毛收入60元。如果一个农户饲养1000只土鸡,公母鸡对半,一年可赚到2.5万元。因为饲养的是土鸡品种,对比商品化程度比较高的白羽鸡等品种来说,土鸡还具有一些野性,包括易动和短距离飞翔。那么就要求鸡舍活动场地周围用尼龙网围栏,高度一定不低于2.5米甚至更高,防止土鸡一旦野性发作,飞走逃离就得不偿失了。
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